BAMS Syllabus

BAMS syllabus introduces students to the comprehensive study of Ayurveda, the ancient Indian system of medicine. This five-and-a-half-year undergraduate program combines modern medical sciences with traditional Ayurvedic principles and practices. Covering a wide range of subjects, the BAMS syllabus includes foundational sciences like anatomy, physiology, and biochemistry, as well as specialized areas such as Ayurvedic pharmacology, pathology, and diagnostics. Students explore Ayurvedic philosophy and fundamentals, including the concepts of doshas, dhatus, and malas.

In-depth study of Ayurvedic anatomy and physiology focuses on understanding dosha imbalances and the functioning of the body’s channels, known as srotas. The syllabus also emphasizes Ayurvedic pathology, diagnosis, and examination techniques that emphasize a holistic approach to identifying and managing diseases. Pharmacology and pharmacognosy are integral parts of the syllabus, equipping students with knowledge of Ayurvedic medicinal plants, herbal formulations, and drug development. They learn about the principles of Ayurvedic pharmacology and the manufacturing processes in Ayurvedic pharmacy.


Syllabus ComponentDescription
Basic SciencesCovers foundational subjects like Anatomy, Physiology, Biochemistry
Ayurvedic PrinciplesExplores the Philosophy, Fundamentals, and Diagnostics of Ayurveda
Ayurvedic AnatomyFocuses on Doshas, Dhatus, Malas, and Srotas (Channels) in the body
Ayurvedic PathologyExamines the Understanding of Disease and Diagnostic Techniques
Ayurvedic PharmacologyCovers Medicinal Plants, Herbal Formulations, and Pharmacology
Ayurvedic TherapiesExplores Panchakarma and Specific Therapies for various conditions
Clinical SpecialtiesIncludes Specialized Areas such as General Medicine, Surgery, etc.
Research MethodologyProvides insights into Research Basics, Ethics, and Biostatistics
Practical TrainingOffers Clinical Exposure, Diagnosis, Treatment, and Internship
Elective SubjectsAllows specialization in areas like Dermatology, Psychiatry, etc.

Course Structure

First Professional1.5 years
Second Professional1.5 years
Third Professional1.5 years
Internship1 year

Syllabus for BAMS

First ProfessionalSecond ProfessionalThird ProfessionalFourth Professional
Padartha Vigyan And Ayurveda ItihasDravyaguna VigyanAgadtantraKayachikitsa
SanskritRoga NidanSwasthavrittaPanchkarma
Kriya SharirRasashastraPrasuti Tantra Evum Stri RogaShalya Tantra
Rachana SharirCharak SamhitaKaumarbhritya ParichayaShalakya Tantra
Maulik Siddhant Avum Ashtang HridayaCharak Samhita (Uttarardha)Research Methodology And Medical Statistics

Specializations Offered In BAMS

BAMS has no unique specializations. To opt for a specialization, students must do a postgraduate program in Ayurveda Medicine and Surgery. A Master of Surgery (Ayurveda) or a Doctor of Medicine (Ayurveda) programme, i.e., an MS or an MD, is one example. Here are some of the specialisations students can opt for.

SpecialisationSpecialisation SubjectsSubject Details
Rasa ShastraHistory of RasaApplication of YantrasApplications of Mushas and ChullikaThis specialisation teaches about the processing of different materials, storage, and other equipment.
SwasthavrittraDinacharyaRathricharyaTrayopastambhaThe dimensions of health – diet, sleep, food, quality of life – are explored.
KayachikitsaManagement of disordersMaintenance of heathEmergency conditionsThis course includes the management of disorders, diseases, and emergencies.
Shallya TantraSangyaharanNirjantukaranaYogyaHere you learn about anaesthesia, surgery, sterilisation, antibiotics, etc.
Agad TantraToxicology (poisons)Forensic psychiatryEthics and lawsVarious types of poisons, legal procedures and laws, ethics, acids, and more, are taught

Books and Authors Related to BAMS

The following are the books by other authors that candidates can use as a reference for a better understanding of the concept:

  • Ayurvedic Medicine: The Principles of Traditional Practice by Sebastian Pole
  • Vaidya Vasant Patil’s Clinical Diagnosis in Ayurveda
  • Judith H. Morrison’s Ayurvedic Book
  • Wild Remedies: How to Forage Healing Foods and Craft Your Own Herbal Medicine by Emily Han
  • Ayurveda and the Mind by Dr David Frawley
  • Robert Svoboda’s Ayurveda For Women

BAMS Teaching Methodology and Techniques

The Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (BAMS) program employs a variety of teaching methodologies and techniques to provide students with a comprehensive education in Ayurveda. These methods are designed to enhance theoretical understanding and practical skills. Here are some key aspects of the teaching methodology in BAMS:

Engaging Lectures: Expert faculty members deliver informative and engaging lectures on subjects ranging from Ayurvedic principles to clinical specialties. These lectures provide students with a strong theoretical foundation and a conceptual understanding of the topics.

Practical Training: BAMS students participate in practical sessions held in well-equipped laboratories. These sessions allow students to develop hands-on skills, such as Ayurvedic diagnostics and the preparation of herbal formulations. Practical training also includes clinical experience, enabling students to interact with patients and apply their theoretical knowledge in real-life situations.

Demonstrations: Expert practitioners conduct demonstrations to showcase Ayurvedic procedures and therapies. Students observe and learn techniques like Panchakarma therapies, marma point stimulation, and the preparation of Ayurvedic medicines. These demonstrations provide a practical understanding of Ayurvedic treatments and therapies.

Case Studies: BAMS programs utilize case studies to promote problem-solving and critical thinking skills. Real-life cases are presented, and students analyze symptoms, make diagnoses, and propose Ayurvedic treatment plans. Case studies encourage a holistic approach to patient care and enhance students’ clinical reasoning abilities.

Interactive Group Discussions: Group discussions facilitate interactive learning, allowing students to exchange ideas, share perspectives, and engage in collaborative problem-solving. These sessions encourage critical thinking, debate Ayurvedic concepts, and promote the integration of theory with practical applications.

Research Projects: BAMS programs often include research projects to foster research skills and evidence-based practice. Students undertake projects in areas such as Ayurvedic pharmacology, clinical trials, medicinal plants, and Ayurvedic formulations. Research projects enable students to contribute to the advancement of Ayurvedic knowledge and develop research competencies.

Clinical Training: BAMS students gain valuable clinical experience through practical training in Ayurvedic hospitals and clinics. Working under the guidance of experienced practitioners, students observe patient consultations, learn diagnostic procedures, participate in treatment planning, and engage in patient management.

Seminars and Workshops: Seminars and workshops provide additional learning opportunities for BAMS students. Renowned experts in Ayurveda deliver talks, present research findings, and conduct workshops on specialized topics. These events broaden students’ understanding of specific areas within Ayurveda and expose them to the latest advancements in the field.

Practical Training and Clinical Internship

Practical training and clinical internship are integral aspects of the Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (BAMS) program. These hands-on experiences provide students with invaluable opportunities to apply their theoretical knowledge, develop practical skills, and gain real-world exposure in the field of Ayurvedic medicine. Here’s a comprehensive overview of practical training and clinical internship in BAMS:

Practical Training:

BAMS students engage in practical training sessions conducted in well-equipped laboratories and simulated settings. These sessions focus on key aspects of Ayurveda, such as Ayurvedic diagnostics, herbal formulation preparation, Panchakarma therapies, and Ayurvedic treatments. Under the guidance of experienced faculty members, students learn and practice the techniques and procedures essential for Ayurvedic practice.

Clinical Exposure:

Clinical exposure is a pivotal component of the BAMS curriculum. Students have the opportunity to observe and interact with patients in various Ayurvedic hospitals, clinics, and dispensaries. They learn to conduct patient consultations, gather medical histories, perform physical examinations, and assist in the diagnosis and treatment planning process. This exposure allows students to gain invaluable insights into real patient cases and apply their theoretical knowledge in a practical setting.

Rotations in Clinical Specialties:

During the clinical internship period, BAMS students undergo rotations in diverse clinical specialties. These rotations provide exposure to different branches of Ayurveda, including general medicine, surgery, obstetrics and gynecology, pediatrics, ophthalmology, ENT, and Panchakarma therapy. Through these rotations, students develop a comprehensive understanding of various health conditions and treatment approaches within Ayurveda.

Patient Care and Management:

Under the guidance of experienced Ayurvedic physicians, students actively participate in patient care and management. They learn to develop patient-centered treatment plans, monitor progress, and provide follow-up care. Students gain valuable experience in managing chronic conditions, addressing acute illnesses, and promoting preventive healthcare practices based on Ayurvedic principles.

Interdisciplinary Collaboration:

Practical training and clinical internship in BAMS provide opportunities for students to collaborate with professionals from other healthcare disciplines. This interdisciplinary approach fosters a holistic understanding of patient care and exposes students to integrative healthcare practices. Students learn to work as part of a healthcare team, promoting effective communication and coordination for the benefit of their patients.

Continuous Learning and Feedback:

Throughout practical training and clinical internship, students receive continuous guidance, feedback, and evaluation from faculty members and supervising practitioners. This feedback helps students improve their skills, enhance their clinical judgment, and build confidence in their abilities. It also cultivates a culture of lifelong learning and professional development.

Frequently Asked Question

Q: What does BAMS stand for?

A: BAMS stands for Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery, which is an undergraduate degree program focusing on Ayurveda, an ancient Indian system of medicine.

Q: How long is the BAMS program?

A: The BAMS program typically lasts for 5 and a half years, consisting of 4 and a half years of academic study and 1 year of mandatory internship.

Q: What subjects are included in the BAMS syllabus?

A: The BAMS syllabus covers various subjects including anatomy, physiology, biochemistry, pathology, microbiology, pharmacology, Ayurvedic principles, Ayurvedic pharmacy, Ayurvedic therapeutics, Panchakarma, and clinical specialties such as general medicine, surgery, gynecology, pediatrics, and more.

Q: Does the BAMS program include practical training?

A: Yes, the BAMS program incorporates practical training and a clinical internship. Students participate in practical sessions to develop hands-on skills and gain clinical experience through rotations in Ayurvedic hospitals and clinics.

Q: Can BAMS graduates practice as doctors?

A: Yes, BAMS graduates can practice as Ayurvedic doctors. They are qualified to diagnose and treat patients using Ayurvedic principles and therapies, subject to the regulations and licensing requirements of their specific country or region.

Q: What career options are available after completing BAMS?

A: BAMS graduates can work as Ayurvedic practitioners in private clinics, Ayurvedic hospitals, wellness centers, or establish their own practice. They can also pursue research, teaching, or find opportunities in the pharmaceutical industry, Ayurvedic product development, or government healthcare agencies.

Q: Can BAMS graduates pursue higher education?

A: Yes, BAMS graduates can pursue higher education and specialization in various fields of Ayurveda. They can opt for postgraduate courses such as MD (Ayurveda) or MS (Ayurveda) in specialized areas like general medicine, surgery, gynecology, and more.

Q: Are there entrance exams for admission to the BAMS program?

A: Yes, in many countries, there are entrance exams conducted at the national, state, or university level for admission to the BAMS program. These exams evaluate candidates’ knowledge and aptitude in subjects like physics, chemistry, biology, and sometimes include questions related to Ayurveda.

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