Career in BUMS in India

Career in BUMS in India presents enticing prospects within the realm of traditional Unani medicine in India. BUMS is an undergraduate degree program that centers around the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of ailments using traditional Unani principles, herbal remedies, dietary adjustments, and lifestyle modifications. To embark on a BUMS journey, candidates need to have completed their 10+2 education with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as mandatory subjects, and they must successfully qualify in the relevant entrance examinations. Admission to BUMS courses is typically accomplished through national or state-level entrance exams such as NEET. 

Upon completing the BUMS course, graduates can explore diverse career opportunities. They have the option to establish their own private practice, work in government dispensaries, hospitals, or research institutions. Additionally, they can opt for higher education and research in the field of Unani medicine. The salary and remuneration in the BUMS field may vary based on factors such as experience, location, and type of employment. Professional organizations and associations offer valuable networking opportunities and support for BUMS professionals. Continuing education and skill development are pivotal for staying abreast of the latest advancements in the field. While certain challenges related to recognition and integration within modern healthcare systems may arise, the future of BUMS in India holds promise due to the escalating interest in traditional forms of medicine and the growing demand for holistic healthcare approaches.


Degree ProgramBachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery (BUMS)
Field of StudyTraditional Unani medicine
Admission ProcessEntrance exams such as NEET
CurriculumIncludes subjects like Anatomy, Physiology, Pharmacology, Unani Medicine
Practical TrainingOpportunities for hands-on experience through internships and practicals
Career OptionsPossibilities in private practice, government jobs, research, and more
Salary and RemunerationVaried based on experience, location, and employment type
Professional OrganizationsAccess to networking and support through relevant associations
Continuing EducationImportance of ongoing learning for staying updated
Future ProspectsPromising due to increasing interest in traditional medicine

What Are Unani Medicines?

Unani medicine is an ancient healing system that originated in Greece and has been practiced in various parts of the world, including India. It revolves around the idea of maintaining a balance in the body’s humeral system, which consists of earth, air, water, and fire elements. Unani medicine takes a holistic approach to healthcare, considering the physical, mental, and spiritual aspects of an individual.

In the context of Unani medicine, the term “Unani medicines” refers to the therapeutic preparations and remedies used within this system. These medicines are derived from natural sources such as herbs, minerals, and animal products. Unani physicians combine various ingredients to create formulations that aim to restore balance and promote overall well-being.

The process of preparing Unani medicines involves different techniques like decoction, powdering, distillation, and fermentation. These medicines can be administered orally, topically, or through other appropriate routes based on the specific condition being treated. Unani medicine focuses on personalized treatment, taking into account individual needs and the underlying causes of health issues.

Career Prospects and Job Scope for a BUMS

A career in BUMS (Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery) offers excellent job prospects and a wide range of opportunities for graduates. Here’s a fluently rephrased overview of the career prospects and job scope for BUMS graduates:

Private Practice: Many BUMS graduates choose to establish their own private practice, providing healthcare services based on Unani medicine principles. This path offers flexibility, autonomy, and the chance to build a loyal patient base.

Government Jobs: Graduates can secure positions in government hospitals, dispensaries, and healthcare centers. These roles provide stability, benefits, and the opportunity to serve diverse patient populations. Job titles include medical officer, research officer, or faculty positions in government-run Unani colleges.

Research and Development: BUMS graduates can contribute to research and development in Unani medicine. They can work in research institutions, pharmaceutical companies, or academic settings, focusing on areas like medicinal plant research, drug development, and clinical trials.

Teaching and Academia: Graduates can pursue teaching careers by joining Unani medical colleges and institutions as faculty members. This allows them to share their knowledge, mentor aspiring practitioners, and contribute to the growth of the field.

Hospital Administration: BUMS graduates can explore opportunities in hospital administration and management roles. They can take up positions such as hospital administrators, healthcare managers, or quality control officers, leveraging their understanding of healthcare systems and Unani medicine practices.

Entrepreneurship: Those with an entrepreneurial spirit can venture into the production and marketing of Unani medicines, herbal products, or health supplements. This offers room for innovation, business development, and the chance to contribute to the wellness industry.

Integrative Medicine: BUMS graduates can find career opportunities in integrative healthcare settings, working alongside professionals from other medical systems. This enables them to provide comprehensive and holistic patient care.

International Opportunities: BUMS graduates may discover job prospects in countries where Unani medicine is practiced or where there is a demand for alternative medicine. They can contribute to healthcare systems abroad or engage in research collaborations with international institutions.

Job after BUMS for Fresher’s

Following completion of the BUMS course, BUMS scope offers many job prospects in healthcare sectors such as hospitals, clinics, laboratories, pharmaceuticals, and research institutions in government and commercial enterprises across the country for both fresher’s and experienced seekers.

Junior Unani Therapist:

Job Description: Assisting experienced Unani therapists in delivering patient care, conducting initial assessments, and participating in therapy sessions. Administering prescribed Unani treatments, herbal remedies, and therapies. Monitoring patient progress and maintaining accurate medical records. Collaborating with the healthcare team to ensure effective patient management.

Qualifications: A degree in BUMS (Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery) or a diploma in Unani medicine from a recognized institution. Strong knowledge of Unani principles, herbal remedies, and therapeutic techniques. Excellent communication and interpersonal skills. Ability to work collaboratively in a team-oriented environment.

Assistant Unani Doctor:

Job Description: Supporting senior Unani doctors in diagnosing and treating patients using Unani medicine principles. Conducting patient consultations, reviewing medical histories, and ordering necessary diagnostic tests. Prescribing appropriate Unani medicines, herbal formulations, and providing lifestyle recommendations. Monitoring patient progress and offering follow-up care. Educating patients on preventive measures and promoting healthy lifestyle practices.

Qualifications: A BUMS degree from an accredited institution. Proficiency in Unani medicine theories, diagnostic methods, and treatment modalities. Strong clinical skills and the ability to make informed medical decisions. Excellent communication skills and a compassionate approach towards patients. Valid medical license or registration as per regional regulations.

Junior Unani Research Associate:

Job Description: Assisting in research projects focused on Unani medicine. Conducting literature reviews, collecting and analyzing data, and assisting with research experiments. Collaborating with senior researchers and actively participating in research discussions. Preparing research reports, presentations, and contributing to academic publications. Staying abreast of the latest advancements in the field of Unani medicine.

Qualifications: A BUMS degree with a keen interest in research. Proficiency in research methodologies, data analysis techniques, and scientific writing. Strong organizational and analytical skills. Proficient use of research tools and software. Enthusiasm for contributing to the advancement of Unani medicine through research endeavors.

Assistant Unani Pharmacist:

Job Description: Supporting the preparation, dispensing, and management of Unani medicines and herbal formulations. Maintaining inventory and ensuring quality control of medicines. Providing guidance to patients regarding medication usage, dosages, and precautions. Collaborating with the pharmacy team to ensure compliance with regulations and standards. Assisting in the documentation of pharmaceutical activities.

Qualifications: A diploma or bachelor’s degree in Unani Pharmacy or a related field. Sound knowledge of Unani pharmacology, drug formulations, and herbal preparations. Familiarity with pharmaceutical practices, quality control, and safety protocols. Excellent communication and customer service skills. Proficiency in relevant computer applications and pharmacy software.

The Following Are Some Job Opportunities For Experienced Candidates


Job Description: A Hakeem is a practitioner of Unani medicine who utilizes traditional principles and herbal remedies to diagnose and treat patients. They evaluate medical histories, conduct physical examinations, and create personalized treatment plans based on Unani practices. Hakeems may prepare and distribute Unani medicines, provide dietary recommendations, and offer holistic healthcare services rooted in traditional Unani medicine.

Qualifications: Comprehensive knowledge and training in Unani medicine, typically acquired through formal education or apprenticeship under an experienced Hakeem. Profound understanding of Unani principles, herbal remedies, and traditional healing methods. Effective communication and interpersonal skills to provide comprehensive care and interact with patients.

Unani Institute Lecturer:

Job Description: A Unani Institute Lecturer is responsible for teaching and delivering lectures on various subjects related to Unani medicine in an educational institution. They develop lesson plans, conduct classroom sessions, and assess student performance. Lecturers contribute to curriculum development, engage in research activities, and provide guidance and mentorship to students.

Qualifications: A postgraduate or doctoral degree in Unani medicine with specialization in a specific area of expertise. Demonstrated expertise in Unani theories, diagnostic techniques, and treatment modalities. Teaching experience and excellent presentation skills. Research experience and a track record of scholarly publications are desirable.

Unani Consultant:

Job Description: An Unani Consultant is a healthcare professional who provides expert advice and guidance on Unani medicine to patients. They conduct thorough assessments, diagnose illnesses, and develop personalized treatment plans based on Unani principles. Unani Consultants work in private clinics, hospitals, or wellness centers, offering consultations, prescribing herbal remedies, and providing holistic healthcare services.

Qualifications: A degree in BUMS (Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery) or a postgraduate degree in Unani medicine. Extensive knowledge of Unani medicine, herbal formulations, and therapeutic techniques. Strong diagnostic skills and the ability to create comprehensive treatment plans. Excellent communication skills and the capacity to build strong relationships with patients.

Unani Therapist:

Job Description: A Unani Therapist specializes in providing therapeutic treatments and remedies based on Unani medicine principles. They administer various therapies, such as massages, cupping, herbal applications, and dietary recommendations. Unani Therapists work closely with patients to identify imbalances and develop personalized treatment plans to promote physical, mental, and spiritual well-being.

Qualifications: Completion of a diploma or certificate course in Unani therapy or traditional healing practices. Solid knowledge of Unani principles, therapeutic techniques, and herbal remedies. Excellent communication and interpersonal skills to establish rapport with patients and deliver effective treatments.

Unani Medicine Pharmacist:

Job Description: An Unani Medicine Pharmacist specializes in dispensing and managing Unani medicines in a pharmacy setting. They receive prescriptions, verify dosage requirements, and prepare and dispense Unani medicines following established protocols. Unani Medicine Pharmacists ensure proper labeling, storage, and inventory management of medicines while adhering to regulatory guidelines.

Qualifications: Completion of a diploma or bachelor’s degree in Unani Pharmacy or a related field. Sound knowledge of Unani pharmacology, drug formulations, and herbal preparations. Proficiency in pharmacy operations, quality control procedures, and regulatory compliance. Attention to detail and strong organizational skills.

Unani Chemist:

Job Description: A Unani Chemist specializes in analyzing and testing Unani medicines and herbal formulations for quality control purposes. They conduct chemical and physical tests to ensure the safety, efficacy, and purity of ingredients used in Unani medicines. Unani Chemists may work in research laboratories, pharmaceutical companies, or quality control departments of Unani medicine manufacturing units.

Qualifications: A degree in chemistry or a related field. Proficient knowledge of chemical analysis techniques, quality control procedures, and safety protocols. Familiarity with Unani medicine principles and herbal formulations. Attention to detail and analytical skills for accurate testing and analysis.

Average Salary

Unani ConsultantINR 8.9 LPA
Unani Medicine PharmacistINR 14 LPA
Assistant Unani DoctorINR 11 LPA
Unani ChemistINR 14 LPA
Unani Research AssociateIMR 12 LPA

Frequently Asked Question

Q1: What is BUMS?

A1: BUMS stands for Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery. It is an undergraduate degree program that focuses on the principles and practices of Unani medicine, a traditional system of medicine widely practiced in India.

Q2: What are the requirements to pursue BUMS?

A2: To pursue BUMS, you generally need to have completed your 10+2 education with Physics, Chemistry, and Biology as core subjects. Some institutions may have additional requirements, like a minimum percentage or specific entrance exams.

Q3: How long is the BUMS course?

A3: The BUMS course is typically 5.5 years long, including a compulsory internship period. It is divided into four professional years, covering theory and practical subjects related to Unani medicine.

Q4: What are the career options after BUMS?

A4: After completing BUMS, you can work as a Unani doctor in government or private hospitals, clinics, dispensaries, or wellness centers. You can also establish your private practice or explore opportunities in research, academics, healthcare management, or pharmaceutical companies.

Q5: Is BUMS a recognized degree in India?

A5: Absolutely! Naturopathy can be practiced alongside conventional medicine. Many professionals adopt an integrative approach, combining naturopathic therapies with conventional treatments to provide comprehensive healthcare to patients.

Q6: Can BUMS graduates pursue higher education?

A6: Yes, BUMS graduates can pursue higher education and specialization in various disciplines of Unani medicine. They can opt for postgraduate courses like MD (Doctor of Medicine) or MS (Master of Surgery) in different specialties offered by recognized institutions.

Q7: Are there government job opportunities for BUMS graduates?

A7: Yes, BUMS graduates can find job opportunities in government hospitals, dispensaries, and research institutes. They can apply for positions as Unani Medical Officers or doctors in government healthcare facilities.

Q8: What skills are important for a successful career in BUMS?

A8: Along with a strong foundation in Unani medicine, important skills for a successful career in BUMS include good communication, interpersonal skills, diagnostic abilities, knowledge of herbal remedies, and proficiency in conducting Unani treatments. Empathy, compassion, and a holistic approach to healthcare are also valuable in this field.

A6: Yes, BUMS graduates can pursue higher education and specialization in various disciplines of Unani medicine. They can opt for postgraduate courses like MD (Doctor of Medicine) or MS (Master of Surgery) in different specialties offered by recognized institutions.

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