BUMS Syllabus

BUMS syllabus is thoughtfully designed to provide students with a profound understanding of Unani medicine. It covers a wide range of subjects, including the history and philosophy of Unani medicine, diagnostic principles, and various treatment methodologies. From anatomy and physiology to materia medica, clinical medicine, surgery, gynecology, pediatrics, toxicology, and preventive medicine, the curriculum offers a well-rounded education.

The BUMS (Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery) program is a prestigious undergraduate course that delves into the study and application of the traditional Unani system of medicine. With its origins rooted in ancient Greek, Persian, and Arabic traditions, Unani Medicine offers a holistic approach to healthcare.

The BUMS syllabus also encompasses the study of surgical practices within the context of Unani medicine. Students gain a deeper understanding of surgical principles, techniques, and procedures, aligning them with the holistic approach of the Unani system and enabling them to provide comprehensive patient care.


Key DetailsDescription
Academic LevelUndergraduate (Bachelor’s degree)
DurationTypically lasts for 4.5 to 5 years, including a mandatory internship period
Field of StudyFocuses on Unani Medicine and Surgery
Subjects CoveredAnatomy, Physiology, Materia Medica, Clinical Medicine, Surgery, Gynecology, Pediatrics, etc.
Clinical TrainingHands-on experience in diagnosing and treating patients using Unani medical principles
Research EmphasisEmphasizes research methodology and ethical considerations in medical practice and research
Practical ExposureEngages students in case studies, surgical procedures, and practical training
Compulsory InternshipCompletion of a mandatory internship in a clinical setting
Specialized AreasSpecialized areas of study include Gynecology, Pediatrics, Toxicology, Preventive Medicine, etc.
Career ProspectsGraduates can pursue careers as Unani medical practitioners, consultants, researchers, etc.

Why Choose BUMS?

Unani Medicine, with a history spanning over 6000 years, is an ancient healing system. It is rooted in the belief that the human body consists of four fundamental elements: fire, water, earth, and air. The principles of Unani Medicine draw inspiration from the four humors proposed by Hippocrates, the renowned Greek physician. These humors include blood, phlegm, yellow bile, and black bile, which play vital roles in maintaining health.

The BUMS (Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery) program encompasses the profound wisdom of Unani Medicine. Graduates of this undergraduate program are equipped with a deep understanding of the principles and practices involved in this traditional healing system. BUMS offer a multitude of career opportunities within the field of Unani medical science.

BUMS Syllabus

The BUMS Syllabus focuses on candidates learning Unani medicine and practice. Aspirants choose the medium of teaching and study for the course, such as English, Arabic/ Urdu, or Hindi. The syllabus for the BUMS course is listed in the table below:

BUMS 1st Year Syllabus

The BUMS first-year curriculum includes classes in Arabic, Munafeul Aaza, and other subjects. In the table below, important topics from the BUMS First Year Syllabus are divided into Part A and Part B:

SubjectPart APart B
 Mantiq wa FalsifaMantiq (Logic),  Falsafa (Philosophy)C-Hay’at (Astronomy), Ibteda-i-Ilm-un-Nafs (Elementary Psychology) 
ArabicKalimah aur iske aqsam, Ism, Fael, Harf
(Word and its kinds, Noun, Verb, Particle), Kalām aur iski aqsam
(Division of Sentence).
Arabi-o-Tibbi Istelahath-o-Alfaaz ka Jumlon mein istemal
(Arabic Medical words and Terms and their uses in sentences).
Tashreehul Badan Tashreehul Badan ka ta’aruf (Introduction of Anatomy), Raas wa Unq (Head and Neck) A’ana wa ejan (Pelvis and perineum), Tarfe Asfal (Lower Limb)
Kulliyat Umoore Tabiya Mabhas-e-Aam (General Discussion), Mizaj , Akh’latA’za, Arwah , Quwa
Munafeul AzaQhulia, Insaja, Khoon, Kurriyat-E-HamraNizam-E-Hazam, Nizam-E-Tanaffuss, Nizam-E-Iqhraj-E-Bowl

BUMS 1st Year Practical Subjects

The BUMS course syllabus introduces students to a variety of practical areas. Some of the practical topics covered in the BUMS Syllabus 1st year are as follows:

  • Mukhtalif aaza ki khurdbeeni saakht ka mutala (Histological studies of various organs)
  • Hayatiyati keemiya (Biochemistry)
  • Anasir Arba keTabaee muqam ka mushahida bazari-e Khaka (Graphs) 
  • Arwah ka takseemi khaka

BUMS 2nd Year Syllabus

The table below provides the BUMS Second Year syllabus, which is separated into two parts: Part A and Part B:

SubjectPart APart B
Tareek-E-TibTareekh-e-Tib aur iski Ahmiyat,  Babuli Tib, Misri Tib aur iske zara-e-Maloomat,Roomi atibba, Bazanteni Tib aur Tabeeb.
Ilmul AdviaKulliyate AdviaAdvia Mufradah
Tahaffuzi Wa Samaji TibTahaffuzi wa Samaji Tibb, Tabaee Mahaul (Physical Environment)Masaakin wa Tahviya (Housing and Ventilation)
Mahiyatul AmrazIlmul Ahwal, Ilmul Asbab, Ilmul AlamaatMahiyatul Amraz Nizami

BUMS 2nd Year Practical Subjects

Under the BUMS course syllabus, students are introduced to a variety of practical courses. Some of the practical topics covered by the BUMS Syllabus 2nd year are as follows:

  • Khoon ka mukammal Imtihan (Haematology, Biochemistry and serology)
  • Mada manviya ka Imtihan (Semen analysis)
  • Shanakht Advia (Demonstration of all Unani drugs prescribed in the syllabus)

BUMS 3rd Year Syllabus

The table below contains the BUMS third year syllabus, which is separated into two parts: Part A and Part B:

SubjectPart APart B
Communication SkillInterpersonal communication skills, Nonverbal communication skills, Unfocused interactions.Report writing and presentation, Focused Interactions, Acquisition of Medical Information.
Ilmul Saidla wa MurakkabatHindustani Qarabadin ke Khusoosi hawala se Unani tibbiAdvia Murakkkabh
Ilaj Bit TadbeerIlaj-bit-Tadbeer ka ta’aruf, Asbab e sitta zarooiya ki garaz wa gayat wa tadbeeri ahmiyat ka bayanDalak, Riyazat, Ilaj fizai 
Amraz-e-AtfalAmraz-e-mutaddi (infectious diseases), Amrz-e-Dimagh wa Aasab (diseases of brain and nerves)Amraz-e-Gaush (diseases of ear), Amraz-e-Anaf (diseases of nose), Amraz-e-Halaq (diseases of thoroat) 

BUMS 3rd Year Practical Subjects

The BUMS course syllabus introduces students to a variety of practical areas. The following are some of the practical topics covered by the BUMS Syllabus 3rd year:

  • Fasad (Venesection) 
  • Bakhoor wa in Inqebab (Vaporisation/Steam inhalation)
  • Amraz-e-atfal ki tashkhees (diagnosis of diseases of children)
  • Mualijat-e-atfal ke mutalliq hidayaat (advices and instructions for paediatrics treatment)

BUMS 4th Year Syllabus

The table below contains the BUMS Fourth Year Syllabus, separated into Part A and Part B:

SubjectPart APart B
Moalajat I & IIAmraze Nizame A’asab wa Dimagh (Diseases of Nervous System)Amrazee Nizame Hazam (Diseases of Digestive System)
Ilmul JarahatJarahiyat Umoomi(General Surgery)Jarahiyat Niizami(Systematic Surgery)
Ilmul Qabalat wa NaumauloodZanana Aza-E-Tolid-Ki-Tashreeh (Anatomy of Female Genetalia Anatomy)Janeeni Irteqa (Development of Foetus)
Ani, Uzn, Anaf, Halaq wa AsnanAmraze Ain (Diseases of Eye)Uzn (Ear)

BUMS 4th Year Practical Subjects

The BUMS course syllabus introduces students to a variety of practical areas. The following are some of the practical topics covered by the BUMS Syllabus 4th year:

  • Moainae Ajfan, Multahma, Quroohe Qarnia, Hadqa (Examination of Eye lids, Conjunctiva,
  • (Eye ball, Cornea and Pupil), Slit lamp ka istemal.
  • Ankh ke androoni dabao ka moaina (examination of intraocular pressure/ Tonometry)
  • Imtihane naqaise inetaf (Examination of refractive errors/ Retinoscopy)
  • Alaate Ain ki pehchan aur mawaqe istemal (Demonstration of ophthalmic instruments and their uses)

BUMS Fees Structure

The fees for the MD (Doctor of Medicine) program can vary based on the college or university you choose to attend. It is crucial for prospective students to thoroughly research and review the fee structure of the MD program before finalizing their enrollment. Typically, the MD fees range from Rs. 90,000 to Rs. 600,000.

Eligibility for BUMS:

Eligibility CriteriaDescription
Educational QualificationSuccessful completion of higher secondary education (10+2) or its equivalent from a recognized board or institution.
SubjectsPhysics, Chemistry, and Biology as core subjects during 10+2 education. Some institutions may require Urdu as a subject.
Minimum MarksMinimum aggregate percentage required, typically around 50% or as specified by the concerned institution. Relaxation for reserved categories may apply.
Age LimitGenerally at least 17 years old at the time of admission. Some institutions may have an upper age limit.
Entrance ExaminationMany universities and institutions conduct entrance examinations. Candidates need to qualify and obtain a minimum cutoff score for admission.

Skills Required for BUMS Degree:

Obtaining a BUMS (Bachelor of Unani Medicine and Surgery) degree demands a combination of academic knowledge and practical skills. Here are some essential skills that prove valuable for BUMS students:

Analytical Proficiency: BUMS students should possess strong analytical skills to effectively diagnose and treat patients. They need to evaluate symptoms, study medical reports, and make informed decisions regarding suitable treatment methods.

Effective Communication: Excellent communication skills are crucial for BUMS students as they interact with patients, colleagues, and healthcare professionals. They must convey information clearly and empathetically, both verbally and in writing.

Attention to Detail: BUMS students must pay meticulous attention to detail when studying patient histories, conducting examinations, and prescribing medications. Precision and accuracy are paramount in the field of healthcare.

Scientific Acumen: BUMS students need a solid foundation in scientific knowledge, encompassing subjects like anatomy, physiology, and pharmacology. They should demonstrate an aptitude for comprehending scientific concepts and applying them in clinical practice.

Problem-Solving Abilities: BUMS students encounter complex medical cases and must apply critical thinking and problem-solving skills to identify underlying causes and develop appropriate treatment plans.

Compassion and Empathy: A compassionate and empathetic approach towards patients is essential in the healthcare domain. BUMS students should understand and empathize with patients’ concerns, providing them with comfort and support.

Adaptability and Resilience: BUMS students should exhibit adaptability in different healthcare settings and demonstrate a willingness to learn and embrace new treatment approaches or advancements in medical technology. They should also possess resilience to handle the challenges and pressures inherent in the medical profession.

Ethical Practice: Upholding ethical standards and maintaining patient confidentiality are paramount for BUMS students. They should exhibit professionalism and integrity in their interactions with patients and colleagues.

Interdisciplinary Collaboration: BUMS students may need to collaborate with professionals from other healthcare disciplines, such as allopathic medicine, to provide comprehensive patient care. Thus, strong teamwork and interdisciplinary collaboration skills are indispensable.

Continuous Learning: The field of medicine is ever-evolving, and BUMS students should harbor a passion for lifelong learning. Staying updated with the latest research, advancements, and developments in Unani medicine and related fields is crucial.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q1: How long is the BUMS program?

A1: The BUMS program typically lasts for 4.5 to 5 years, including an internship period.

Q2: What subjects are included in the BUMS syllabus?

A2: The BUMS syllabus covers subjects like Anatomy, Physiology, Materia Medica, Clinical Medicine, Surgery, Gynecology, Pediatrics, and more.

Q3: Does the BUMS syllabus involve practical training?

A3: Yes, the BUMS syllabus includes practical training and clinical exposure, where students gain hands-on experience in case studies and practical applications of Unani medicine principles.

Q4: Are there specialized areas of study in the BUMS program?

A4: Yes, the BUMS program offers specializations in areas such as Gynecology, Pediatrics, Toxicology, Preventive Medicine, and others.

Q5: What are some examples of disorders treated using Unani medicine?

A5: Unani medicine can be effective in treating disorders such as infertility, vitiligo, diabetes, kidney stones, respiratory conditions, gastrointestinal disorders, and skin diseases.

Q6: How is the BUMS syllabus structured?

A6: The BUMS syllabus is structured based on academic years or semesters, with each covering specific subjects and topics related to Unani Medicine and Surgery.

Q7: Does the BUMS syllabus include research?

A7: Yes, the BUMS syllabus often includes a research component where students learn research methodology and ethical considerations in medical practice and research.

Q8: What are the career prospects after completing BUMS?

A8: BUMS graduates can pursue careers as Unani medical practitioners, consultants, researchers, academicians, therapists, pharmacists, and work in healthcare organizations, research institutions, and educational institutions.

Q9: Can BUMS graduates pursue higher education?

A9: Yes, BUMS graduates can pursue postgraduate programs (MD/MS) in Unani Medicine and Surgery or related fields, as well as research-based programs and doctoral studies.

Q10: Is the BUMS syllabus the same across all universities?

A10: While the core subjects are generally consistent, there may be some variations in the BUMS syllabus among different universities. It is advisable to refer to the specific syllabus provided by the intended university or institution for accurate information.

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